Facts About the English Language

The origins of modern English lie in the seventh century A.D., when three Germanic tribes – the Angles, the Saxons and the Jutes – arrived on the isle of Great Britain, which, by intermingling with the native communities of Britain – the Celts, the Picts and the Scot  – together formed Anglo-Saxon tribes.

The forms of English language can be divided into three historical periods: (1) Old English, or Anglo-Saxon (8th to 11th century); (2) Middle English (12th to 16th century); and (3) Modern English (16th century to the present).

English is a West Germanic language that belongs to the Indo-European language family.

It is the native language of 400 million people, and by this measure it ranks third in the world after Chinese and Hindi, whereas if all other English speakers in the world are counted, it ranks second.

The Latin alphabet of 26 letters has been used in the English language since the ninth century.

Approximately 171,476 words are actively used in the English language, whilst some 47,156 words are considered obsolete. Approximately 9,500 derivations can be added to this number. About half of these words are nouns, a quarter are adjectives, and one seventh are verbs. The remainder consists of exclamations, conjunctions, prepositions, etc.

The first English printer and typographer was William Caxton (1422-1491), who printed the first book in English around 1471. In 1476, he established his own press in Westminster, England.

English is the national language of many countries: the United States of America, Australia, South Africa, New Zealand, Canada, the United Kingdom, and a number of island nations in the Caribbean and Pacific. It is one of the official languages in several African countries, the Philippines, India and Singapore.

Several types of English can be distinguished around the globe, which differ in terms of pronunciation, vocabulary and grammar: American English, Australian English, British English, Canadian English, etc.

Each variety of English contains a number of dialects. For example, the principal dialects of British English are Southern English, Midlands English, Northern English, Irish, Scottish, Welsh, etc.

Language code: ISO 639-1: en 


In need of a translation?
Looking for a language solution or a consultation?

We will prepare a tailored solution and consult you on your subject of interest.


Send inquiry

Language combinations:

Latvian to English; English to Latvian; Estonian to English; English to Estonian; Lithuanian to English; English to Lithuanian; Russian to English; English to Russian; Polish to English; English to Polish; Czech to English; English to Czech; Ukrainian to English; English to Ukrainian; German to English; English to German; French to English; English to French; Spanish to English; English to Spanish; Italian to English; English to Italian; Danish to English; English to Danish; Swedish to English; Norwegian to English; English to Norwegian; English to Swedish; Finnish to English; English to Finnish; and others


What is Skrivanek Baltic?

Skrivanek Baltic is a certified translation agency, which has been operating and offering language services of the highest quality in Latvia since 2003 and in Estonia since 2004. Skrivanek is one of the major language services provider in the world, with more than 20 years of experience. We currently have nearly 50 branches in various countries: USA, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Estonia, Lithuania, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Germany.

What type of services do you provide?

We provide great variety of language solutions – translation and interpreting services, localisation services, text adaptation, copywriting, DTP and language training. Interpreting is provided at conferences and business meetings, as well as during court proceedings. Translating includes specialised and general translations across a variety of industries.

How much will translation services cost?

Prices for translation services are calculated according to the number of words in the source document, the language pair, and other aspects. Send us your documents, and we will provide you a quote on the service price before beginning the translation. Receiving a free quote does not give you any obligation to cooperate with us.